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What are the different stages in a pipeline as code?

In a pipeline as code, stages represent logical divisions or phases in the execution of your CI/CD workflows. They allow you to organize and structure your pipeline jobs based on their purpose or functionality. Each stage typically consists of one or more jobs that are executed sequentially within that stage. Here are the commonly used stages in a pipeline as code:

Build: The build stage is responsible for compiling your source code and generating build artifacts. It includes tasks such as compiling code, running tests, and generating any necessary binaries or artifacts.

Test: The test stage focuses on executing various types of tests, including unit tests, integration tests, and functional tests. It helps ensure that your code functions as expected and meets the specified requirements.

Deploy: The deploy stage is where you deploy your application or infrastructure to the desired environment. It involves tasks such as provisioning resources, configuring services, and deploying your code to a staging or production environment.

Release: The release stage involves activities related to packaging and releasing your application to end-users or customers. It includes tasks such as creating release builds, generating release notes, and publishing your application to a repository or distribution platform.

Verify: The verify stage focuses on performing additional validation and verification steps to ensure the quality and integrity of your application. It may include tasks such as security scanning, code analysis, or performance testing.

Cleanup: The cleanup stage involves tasks related to cleaning up any temporary resources or artifacts created during the pipeline execution. It helps maintain a clean and consistent environment for future pipeline runs.

Notify: The notify stage is optional but can be useful for sending notifications or alerts about the pipeline status or results. It may involve tasks such as sending email notifications, posting messages to chat platforms, or integrating with notification services.

These stages provide a structured approach to executing your CI/CD workflows, allowing you to define different phases and tasks that are performed in a specific order. By organizing your pipeline jobs into stages, you can effectively manage the flow and dependencies between jobs, ensuring a smooth and efficient pipeline execution process.